The UK Coton de Tulear Breed Standard and The FCI breed Standard

The Breed Standard of the Coton de Tulear

 

 

 

The main standard for the Coton de Tulear is the FCI standard as this is the only one officially approved and endorsed by the Coton de Tulear Club of Madagascar, the breeds country of origin. It is also important to know that the FCI standard is the only standard recognised and followed worldwide. When showing your Coton abroad the Kennel Club standard of that country applies, it may differ from your own Kennel Club standard. Here we use the U.K. Kennel Club standard a much shorter breed standard which differs slightly from the F.C.I. standard.

The United Kingdom Kennel Club Standard

General Appearance

Small dog of white appearance with dark pigmentation. Slightly longer than high. Long coat of distinctive cotton texture. 

Characteristics

Lively, intelligent, adaptable and agile. 

Temperament

Loyal, friendly and good natured. 

Head and Skull

Triangular viewed from above. Skull, viewed from the front, slightly rounded, rather wide in relation to length. Slight stop, slight frontal groove. Ratio of muzzle length to skull length 5:9. Muzzle straight with definite underjaw. Nose black with open nostrils.

Eyes

Round, dark and expressive. Spaced well apart. Black eye rims. 

Ears

High set slightly above the level of the eyes, pendulous, slender, well covered with fine long hair. 

Mouth

Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable. Lips black.

Eyes

Round, dark and expressive. Spaced well apart. Black eye rims. 

Ears

High set slightly above the level of the eyes, pendulous, slender, well covered with fine long hair. 

Mouth

Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Full dentition desirable. Lips black.

Neck

Well muscled, slightly arched, tight skinned. Of moderate length and in balance with height and length. 

Forequarters

Shoulders well laid back. Shoulder, upper arm and forearm of approximately equal lengths. Viewed from the front, forelegs straight. Well boned. 

Body

A distinctive feature of the breed, the topline rises slightly to a well muscled loin and falls away gently over the croup to a low set tail. Ratio of height at withers to length from point of shoulder to point of buttock, 2:3. Forechest well developed. Brisket let down to elbow. Well sprung ribs, moderate tuck up.

Hindquarters

Well muscled legs, parallel when viewed from behind. Moderate angulation. 

Feet

Small, round and tight. Black pads. 

Tail

Well feathered, low set, tapering and curved. At rest, carried below the hock with tip slightly raised. On the move, carried in a gentle curve above the back, with point towards the nape, withers, back or loin, in line with the spine. In dogs with abundant coat, the tip may touch the dorsal region but should not rest on the back.

Gait/Movement

Smart, free and smooth. True fore and aft with topline retained on the move. Never high stepping. 

Coat

Of unique cotton texture without woolly undercoat. The coat is full and supple, standing away from the body. Can be slightly wavy, not heavy, curly, coarse or silky. Never trimmed except to tidy feet. Coat texture is more important than length. 

Colour

Predominantly white, a few slight shadings of light grey or fawn/apricot permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body such shadings can be tolerated if they do not alter the general appearance of the white coat. Younger dogs may have higher levels of colour. 

Size

Dogs 25-30 cms (9 3/4 - 11 3/4 ins); bitches 22-27 cms (8 3/4 - 10 1/2 ins). 

Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work. 

Note

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. 

*Note for prospective puppy buyers

 

Size – the Kennel Club Breed Standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the Size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the Size measurements stated in the Breed Standard

 

 

The Federation Cynologique Internationale (F.C.I.) standard

FCI-Standard Number 283 - 25..04.1996 GB Translation: Mrs Peggy Davis

Date of publication of the valid original standard - 09.11.1995

The Coton de Tulear was recognised as a rare breed, in France in 1977. There utilization is a companion dog. Classification FCI: Group 9 companions and toys

 General Appearance

Small dog, suitable for apartment, with long cotton-like coat and round dark, expressive and intelligent eyes.

 Important Proportions:

Ratio height at the withers to length of the body = 2 to 3 ratio

Length of the head to length of the body = 2 to 5 ratio

Length of the skull to length of the muzzle = 9 to 5 ratio

 Temperament & Behaviour - A little boisterous, merry, a bit of a clown, very loyal to his master

 Head - Seen in profile - short, Seen from above - triangular

 Cranial Region Skull - Upper profile convex. Width about 8.5 cm  (3 3/8")

Supercialiary arches - slightly developed. Slightly frontal furrow.

Occipital protuberance - non existent.

Occipital crest - only slightly perceptible.

Stop - Only slightly accenttuated

 Facial Region

Nose - Small, black, dark tobacco colour tolerated. Open nostrils.

Muzzle - About 6 cm  (2 3/8") in length, about 4-5 cm  (1 3/4") in depth and about 5 cm  (2") in width.

Nasal bridge straight

Lower jaw in straight line

Lips - Fine, tight, pigmented as the colour of the nose

Teeth - Perfect, small and white, lower incisors placed just forward, just behind or level with the upper incisors.

Eyes - Round, dark, bright, well set apart, pigmented with colour of the nose, eyelids fine.

Ears - Hanging, about 6 cm  (2 3/8") in width, about 7 cm  (2 3/4") in length, thin, triangular, set high on the skull. Fine at the tip, bent at the base, covered with white hairs or with tints in the following three possibilities

1 Champagne

2 Mixture of yellow and black hairs

3 mixture of white and black hairs giving the impression of a light grey patch.

Neck

Profile - straight, slightly curved at the top. Ratio neck-body = 1/5.

Length - About 8 cm  (3 1/8").

Shape - Bulging, muscular,

Width - About 7 cm  (2 3/4").

Skin - Tight

Body (Seen as a whole)

Upper line  slightly convex

Withers - Only slightly accentuated, set neck strong

Back & Loins - Very slightly arched, well muscled.

Ratio thoracic lumbar part = 10/6.

 

Belly & Loins

Round, less broad than the chest, belly hardly tucked up.

 

Tail

Set low, length about 18 cm  (7 1/8") thick at base, fine at the tip, when at rest goes down to below hock with tip curving upwards

 

Forequarters (seen as a whole)

Legs vertical seen from the front and in profile

Proportions - 1/1

Shoulders - About 10 cm  (4") oblique, muscular.

Upperarm - About 9 cm  (3 1/2"), oblique front to rear, muscled.

Shoulder blade upper arm angle - 120 degrees

Forearm - About 10 cm  (4"), vertical. Powerful bone structure. Upperarm - forearm angle = 120 degrees.

Pastern joint - About 3 cm  (1 1/8").

Pastern - About 3 cm  (1 1/8")

Front Feet - About 3 cm  (1 1/8"), round shaped, small.

Toes - Tightly closed, well-formed, well-centred and pigmented pads.

 

Hindquarters (seen as a whole)

Legs vertical seen in profile and from behind.

Proportion - 1/1

Upper thighs - About 10 cm  (4"), muscular.

Coaxial-femoral angle - 80 degrees

Lower Thighs - About 10 cm  (4"), oblique from front to rear.

Femoral-tibial angle - 120 degrees.

Hock joint - Length about 2 cm  (3/4"), thickness about 3 cm  (1 /8").

Angle of hook - (tibial-tarsal) 160 degrees

Hock- Length about 7 cm  (2 3/4"), Width about 2 cm  (3/4"). Vertical position

Hind feet - Round shaped toes with only slight a centuated curve, tightly closed, pads flat and pigmented.

 

Movement

Walk normal, trot shortened. Preferred pace a trot.

Skin

Fine, well adherent in each part of the body. May be pigmented with grey, more or less dark patches

Hair

Fine, about 8 cm  (3 1/8") long, slightly wavy, of coton texture.

Colour - White, a few champagne yellow or grey more or less dark patches, notably on the ears, are tolerated.

 

Size and weight

Males - 28 cm  (11"), tolerance up to 32 cm  (12 5/8") maximum and 25 cm  (9 7/8") minimum.

Weight - From 4 to 6 kg maximum  (8.8 to maximum 13.2 pounds)

Females - 25 cm  (9 7/8") tolerance up to 28 cm (11") maximum and 22 cm  (8 5/8") minimum.

Weight -  From 3.5 to 5 kg maximum  (7.7 to maximum 11 pounds).

The weights are proportional in relation to the size but must not exceed the maximum. Example - a male of 11" at the withers should weigh approximately 5 kg  (11 pounds), a male of 12 5/8" at the withers should weigh approximately 6 kg  (13.2 pounds).

 

Type

The desirable type is the one described. There are, however, dogs of this breed that are higher on the legs.

 

Faults

Any department from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

 

Serious Faults

Muzzle - Too small or too thick.

Skull - Flat or too bulging. Stop - Too marked or non-existent.

Nasal bridge - Arched

Teeth - Not regularly aligned (incisors), carious teeth, serious prognathism  (more than the thickness of the incisors).

Eyes - Light, set too close, entropion, prominent, vicious look.

Ears - Too short, hairs too short, attachment narrow or too thick, straight.

Back - Saddle back, too long.

Rump - Horizontal, narrow.

Chest - Badly developed.

Neck - Too short or too long, thin.

Tail - Too long, too straight.

Legs - Turned in or out, closed together or loose, too wide apart, barrel hocks or cow-hocks, bad angulation.

Thighs - Insufficient muscle, insufficient hair.

Skin - Wrinkled, thick.

Coat (hair) - Too short, too long, curly, silky texture.

 

Eliminating faults (disqualification)

Nose with pink spots or patches, too light.

Depigmented lips, pink spotted lips heavy and drooping.

Eyelids white, insufficiently pigmented, pink spots.

Tail rolled up or carried straight like a candle or flagpole, tail-less.

Neck too long

Height and weight over the maximum.

Coat strongly marked with brown or pure black.

N.B. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

 Sources

Kennel Club of the United Kingdom www.thekennelclub.org.uk/

Coton de Tulear – The comprehensive Owners guide by Wolfgang Korr

The official Coton de Tulear Book by Robert Jay Russel